The objective of Basic Process Control System (BPCS) is to respond to signals from the process and generate output signals which ensure that the operation continues in safe state providing continuous information of the process to the operator. This article discusses the integrity verification tasks associated with BPCS.
The objective of Corrosion Monitoring and Protection System is to minimize internal and external corrosion rates on hydrocarbon and other critical piping systems, process components, storage tanks and structural supports. This article presents the examination scheme for Corrosion Monitoring and Protection System.
The objective of Pressure Relief system is to prevent overpressure leading to hazardous loss of containment by providing mechanical relief devices and disposal of the hazardous fluids through flare. This article presents the examination scheme for Pressure Relief.
Chemical process facilities involve storage and processing of hazardous chemicals, that if released to atmosphere, can have adverse impact on people, assets, environment and thereby affect the reputation of a company. Quantitative Risk Assessment is a well-known technique for evaluating risks of fires, explosions and toxic exposure. this article discusses some fundamentals about QRA.
CFD based explosion studies have several advantages over the usual explosion screening tools that are used in QRA. The main advantage of CFD is its relative accuracy of predicting explosion overpressures in the near and far field. This helps in making more informed decisions about fire or blast protection requirements, which could otherwise lead to unjustified and unreasonable expenditures. This article discusses the benefits of CFD.
The objective of a process containing equipment is to safely contain process fluids (eg. hydrocarbons or other hazardous fluids) under 'reasonably worst case' process conditions, whilst maintaining its integrity and overall risk to as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP). This article discusses questions that need to be addressed to determine the technical and operational integrity of process containment equipment.